President, Congress Must Call for a 90-Day Subprime Loan Moratorium
By Richard E. Nicolazzo
Whatever the country is doing to solve the subprime loan mess just isn’t working. I believe the time has come to start thinking outside the box.
The crisis, born from the bursting of the U.S. housing bubble, has passed through various stages exposing poor regulatory framework, unscrupulous lending, and a pervasive weakness in the global financial system.
Despite the July 2008 passage of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act and recent actions by lending giants such as Citi, JPMorgan Chase, and Bank of America to modify billions of dollars in mortgages, the housing meltdown appears to be worsening.
The Congressional Budget Office had projected during the summer that the so-called “Hope for Homeowners” legislation would allow about 400,000 troubled homeowners to switch their risky loans for conventional 30-year fixed rates with much better terms.
Early results have been troubling. The government received only 42 applications in the program’s first two weeks and, according to the Federal Housing Administration, only 20,000 applications are expected by a year from now.
Consider some other sobering statistics recently compiled by First American CoreLogic, a market research firm quoted widely on the subject:
- Nearly one in five U.S. mortgage borrowers owe more to lenders than their homes are worth.
- About 7.63 million properties, or 18 percent, had negative equity in the previous month.
- Seven hard-hit states (Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Michigan, Nevada, and Ohio) had 64 percent of all "underwater" borrowers.
To make matters worse, the Bush administration, Treasury Secretary Paulson, Fed Chairman Bernanke, and the FDIC continue to squabble about how to get direct aid to homeowners. You might call it political “analysis paralysis.”
The FDIC has a plan to provide a federal guarantee to share in any losses on modified mortgage loans, but the White House has opposed it. The FDIC estimates the plan could help prevent some 1.5 million foreclosures.
Sheila Bair, FDIC chair, was blunt in recent comments: “Today, the stakes are too high to rely exclusively on industry commitments to apply more streamlined loan modification.”
Bold Action Needed Now
While definitive statistics are hard to come by, most estimate the value of U.S. subprime mortgages at more than $1 trillion, with approximately 16 percent of this amount in the adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) category.
Why haven’t regulatory and Congressional efforts begun to turn the tide?
My sense is that the whole system needs time. When you dissect the residential mortgage lending industry, you find a complex web of regulations, paperwork, federal guidelines and other impediments that prevent the process from working smoothly. Anyone who has ever applied for a home mortgage can appreciate the challenge.
The time for more bold action is now.
Immediately, the president and Congressional leaders should call for a voluntary 90-day subprime loan moratorium. Lenders holding the mortgages would be asked to grant borrowers the three-month reprieve and stop all foreclosure actions. If voluntary actions don’t work, Congress should step in and enact legislation.
Designed to work as a cooling-off period, the moratorium would address the immediate need for homeowners to “catch their breath” and work with lenders to restructure their loans.
Eligibility would follow along the lines already established by Congress for the Housing and Economic Recovery Act:
- The loan must be on an owner-occupied principal residence.
- The homeowner must have a monthly payment greater than at least 31 percent of the borrower’s total monthly income, as of November 1, 2008.
- The Borrowers must certify that they have not intentionally defaulted on an existing mortgage, and did not get the loan in the first place by fraudulent means.
- No one with a criminal record could take part in the moratorium.
The moratorium would not be intended as a bailout or as a reward for families who bought homes they couldn’t afford. Instead, it would keep people in their homes.
Rescues Can Work
While the problem is massive and highly complex, history proves radical thinking can work. The 1975 rescue of New York City comes to mind.
With the city $12 billion in debt, financier Felix Rohatyn was brought in by the mayor to set up an entity called the Municipal Assistance Corporation. It raised money selling bonds backed by sales of tax receipts and stock transfer taxes. The goal was to revive the city’s economy while balancing the budget. It worked.
Although no silver bullet exists to solve the subprime loan mess and general downturn in housing, a 90-day moratorium on subprime mortgages is something homeowners and the country desperately need.
While policy makers in Washington continue their debate, homeowners continue to suffer.
Richard E. Nicolazzo is president and CEO of Nicolazzo & Associates, a strategic communications and crisis management firm headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts. Joe M. Grillo, senior vice president, contributed to this commentary.